History of the Institute
It was UNESCO’s commitment to post-war Germany, expressed during its 5th General Conference in Florence in June 1950, which led to the creation of the UNESCO Institute for Education (UIE) along with two other Institutes for Youth and Social Sciences, neither of which exist anymore. UIE was intended as a vehicle to promote human rights and international understanding. The first meeting of the Governing Board was held from 17 to 19 June 1951 in Wiesbaden, Germany, and was attended by Maria Montessori and Jean Piaget. During that meeting, the Governing Board members drafted the statutes and appointed Professor Walther Merck, Chair of Comparative Education at the University of Hamburg, as Director.
In its early years, UIE’s work covered a wide range of topics, from pre-school to adult education, and from formal to non-formal education. However, the Institute’s very first international seminar, ‘Adult Education as a Means of Developing and Strengthening Social and Political Responsibility’, already signalled its core task: adult education. In its early years, UIE contributed greatly to international understanding among nations, offering people who otherwise had few opportunities to meet each other a platform to share ideas. The forerunner of all international achievement studies, the International Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), was carried out at UIE between 1959 and 1961.
Whereas the first thirteen years of UIE’s work focused on Europe, the Institute redirected its efforts to developing countries following the UNESCO General Conference’s decision in 1965 that UIE’s Governing Board should include representatives from all world regions. This shift became fully operational in the 1980s when UIE launched its global activities on post-literacy and continuing education.
With the publication of the report Learning to be (also known as the ‘Faure Report’), lifelong education became the focus of the Institute’s work. Publications on the concept, content and evaluation of lifelong education were brought out in the landmark series ‘Advances in Lifelong Education’. UIE was the first institution to address literacy and functional illiteracy in industrialized countries.
Commitment to adult learning and non-formal education
The conceptualization and organization of the Fifth International Conference on Adult Education (CONFINTEA V), held in Hamburg in 1997, was a major achievement for UIE. CONFINTEA V marked a turning point in the global recognition of and commitment to adult learning and non-formal education. CONFINTEA VI, held in Brazil in 2009, built on this holistic understanding of adult learning and non-formal education within a life-wide and lifelong learning perspective and identified concrete measures for translating this vision into action.
In 2006, the Institute was transformed from a foundation under German civil law into a fully fledged international UNESCO Institute. A host country agreement was negotiated between the German government, UNESCO and the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. The City now provides the Institute with its premises at the historic Albert Ballin Villa at Feldbrunnenstrasse 58. The change of legal status was preceded by a name change to UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning in 2006, reflecting the Institute’s long-standing focus on adult learning as well as out-of-school and non-formal education within a lifelong learning perspective.
Directors of the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning
2011 – present: Arne Carlsen, Denmark
2000–2011: Adama Ouane, Mali
1989–1999: Paul Bélanger, Canada
1979–1989: Ravindra Dave, India
1972–1979: Dino Carelli, Argentina
1968–1972: Tetsuya Kobayashi, Japan
1964–1967: Gustaf Ögren, Sweden
1959–1963: Saul B. Robinsohn, Germany/Israel
1958–1959: Hans Wenke, Germany
1955–1958: Alv G. St. Langeland, Norway
1951–1955: Walther Merck, Germany
UIL is one of seven UNESCO education Institutes. It promotes lifelong learning policy and practice, with a focus on adult education, literacy and non-formal education. It publishes the oldest international journal of comparative education, the International Review of Education – Journal of Lifelong Learning.
|50 Years UNESCO Institute for Education|
Towards an Open Learning World
|International Review of Education – Journal of Lifelong Learning|
Six decades of educational multilateralism in a globalising world: The history of the UNESCO Institute in Hamburg
Open access article